Recent versions of Bash have added functionality to the "auto_resume" variable. In older Bash versions, you could resume a stopped "vi" job (for instance) by typing "%vi". If you've never done this, try it now: vi some file, and hit CTRL-Z to suspend it. Type "%vi" and you'll be back editing your file.
The "auto_resume" variable lets you dispense with the "%". If you type "auto_resume=1", you can just type "vi" to resume the last job. That's not a great savings, but there is more. If you set "auto_resume=substring", you can them type any part of your job name to resume it.
For example, let's say you are running "vi /tmp/foo" and "vi /tmp/bar". If "auto_resume" is set to "substring", you can simply type "bar" to resume the second session or "foo" to resume the first. If you type "tmp", you'll resume whichever of those was started last.
When there are multiple jobs to choose from (if you just typed "vi"), the "substring" setting simply picks up the last job, With other settings, you'll get "ambiguous job spec".
Supposedly "auto_resume" can also take the value "exact". It's documented in the Bash man pages, and shows up in a "strings" of Bash right near "auto_resume":
.. simple-command auto_resume exact substring saved redirects ..
According to the manual, this means you must type the precise job:
If set to the value exact, the string supplied must match the name of a stopped job exactly;
I'm unable to make that work on any version of Bash I have available. Strangely, I can't find anything on the Internet indicating anyone else has noticed the problem. Perhaps I'm missing something obvious or perhaps no one has ever tried using this. The latter wouldn't surprise me: "substring" is a reasonably attractive feature, but "exact" seems almost pointless. Its only value might be to help you prevent yourself from trying to re-run something you already have in background.. as I said, almost pointless.
There's also the matter that few people read new man pages at all. Unless a feature adds considerable value, a large number of Bash users may be completely unaware of it. I only noticed this accidentally while looking up something completely unrelated.
If you can make "exact" work, please post a comment here. Include your Bash version (bash --version) and anything else you think is relevant.
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More Articles by Anthony Lawrence © 2012-07-13 Anthony Lawrence
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